In the Grammar Stage of learning, memorization is easy and enjoyable, while reasoning is difficult. A child readily memorizes the shapes and appearance of things, enjoys reciting facts, and rejoices in chanting rhymes. Observation and memory are the faculties most lively at this period. This is a time to gather facts and information for use in later stages of education. Dates, events, names, places, and other basic facts create the foundation in this learning stage. It is not as important that the full import of these facts be understood at this stage, only that they are known and remembered.
This fact based foundation provides the building blocks upon which all future learning is based. In the elementary years, kindergarten through fifth grades, students are able and willing to absorb large amounts of information. The rules of phonics, spelling, grammar, poems, vocabulary, foreign languages (Latin), the stories of literature and history, descriptions of plants and animals, and the facts of mathematics are some of the areas to be memorized by the use of songs, chants, rhymes, and recitations.